MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - Mexico's foreign minister said on Wednesday the number of migrants returned to Mexico to await the outcome of U.S. immigration cases has fallen significantly, although activists said large numbers of people remain in the program.
Since January 2019, the administration of U.S. President Donald Trump has sent migrants, mostly from Central America, to Mexico under a policy called Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP), which is also known as Remain in Mexico.
The policy has been a key element of Trump's push to curb irregular immigration and asylum claims in the United States.
"The numbers...show a significant fall," Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard told a news conference.
Mexico's foreign ministry said about 2,000 migrants were sent to Mexico under the program in January, down from a peak of around 12,000 in August last year. The ministry said it expected the number of returns would continue to fall in February.
Earlier, Ebrard said the number of people awaiting a U.S. hearing in Mexico had at one point reached up to 50,000 people per month.
However, according to U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) data through January, a total of about 57,000 non-Mexican migrants have been returned since MPP started about a year ago.
The department has not released the number of migrants still pursuing their cases from Mexico or a monthly breakdown of returns. Mexico has not released data on how many returnees remain in the country.
Helen Perry, a nurse from the nonprofit organization Global Response Management who provides care to migrants in the Mexican border town of Matamoros, said her organization has done informal surveys and found more than 2,500 migrants likely waiting for U.S. hearings in that one city alone.
Rogelio Pinal, head if the city human rights office in Ciudad Juarez said approximately 15,000 MPP migrants are currently living in Ciudad Juarez.
Many migrants have to wait for weeks or months in Mexico to complete the long U.S. court process, due to backlogs.
Ebrard added that the number of migrant crossings at the shared border between the United States and Mexico has declined by about 75% over the past eight months.
(Reporting by Lizbeth Diaz in Mexico City and Mica Rosenberg in New York; Additioanl reporting by Julio-Cesar Chavez in Ciudad Juarez; writing by Julia Love; editing by Frank Jack Daniel; Editing by Chizu Nomiyama and Marguerita Choy)